Lipa (Lungsod ng Lipa) is a city located in the province of Batangas, Philippines. It is one of the three component cities of the province (the others being Batangas City and the City of Tanauan). It is the famed Little Rome of the Philippines and the seat of the Archdiocese. It is situated 78 kilometers south of Manila, and according to the latest census, it has a population of 260,558 inhabitants in 41,962 households.Lipa City is bounded by the town of Santo Tomas in the northeast, San Pablo City of Laguna and San Antonio of Quezon in the east, the municipalities of Padre Garcia and Rosario in the southeast, the municipalities of Ibaan and San Jose in the southwest, the municipalities of Cuenca and Mataas Na Kahoy and Taal Lake in the west and the municipalities of Balete and Malvar in the northwest.
The city’s location, in a valley between Mount Malarayat and Mount Makulot, makes it a low risk area. These two mountains serve as wind breakers in times of typhoon. Mount Makulot at the western portion also served as shield of the city in times of eruption of Taal Volcano.
Lipa City is a major recreational, religious, commercial, industrial and educational center in central Batangas province, as shown with the presence in the city of entities like Hotel la Corona de Lipa, Nestle Philippines, Lipa City Science High School, Canossa Academy, De La Salle Lipa, Lipa City Colleges, AMA Lipa, The Nazareth School, the San Sebastian Cathedral (seat of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Lipa), The Mabini Academy which was founded in 1922 and the oldest school in Lipa City, the Carmelite Convent, Robinson’s Place Lipa Mall, Mount Malarayat Golf and Country Club, Summit Point Golf and Country Club and SM City Lipa Mall. The City is also home to theFernando Air Base, the former headquarters of the Philippine Air Force’s 100th Training Wing and Air Education and Training Command(AETC) which is known in military circles as the Baguio of the Armed Forces of the Philippines.
The Southern Tagalog Arterial Road (STAR) and South Luzon Expressway (SLEX) provide convenient access to Batangas City and Metro Manila.
This is where the alleged Marian apparition took place in 1948 to a former Carmelite novice, Teresita Castillo at the Lipa Carmel Monastery.